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American Indian Oral History: Interview with Tom LaBlanc

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00:00:00 - Introduction

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Partial Transcript: Emmett Hoctor (EH): The following interview was conducted with Mr. Tom LaBlanc, a Sioux Indian, who originates from Sisseton South Dakota.

Segment Synopsis: Emmett Hoctor introduces his interviewee Tom LaBlanc, and LaBlanc speaks a little about himself.

Keywords: AIM; AIM Survivor School; American Indian Movement; Sioux

00:02:10 - Involvement with Activism; Cultural Heritage

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Partial Transcript: EH: Would you tell us a little about the survivor school?

Segment Synopsis: LaBlanc speaks about his various involvements with the Indian community, including teaching at the AIM survivor school and involvement as ambassador for Sioux Nation. He also speaks about the importance of his culture and heritage.

Keywords: AIM; American Indian Movement; Sioux Nation; Survivor School

00:13:18 - Federal Policy on Indian Affairs; Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservation; Goals of the American Indian Movement (AIM)

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Partial Transcript: EH: One subject that continues to be an area of controversy is the BIA.

Segment Synopsis: LaBlanc speaks about his opinions on federal policy regarding Indians, saying that should be considered their own nation. He also talks about recent events on the Pine Ridge and Rosebud Reservations, AIM's involvement in them, and the goals of AIM.

Keywords: AIM; American Indian Movement; BIA; Bureau of India Affairs; Pine Ridge Reservation; Rosebud Reservation

00:27:36 - Education; Activism Tactics; Bicenntenial

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Partial Transcript: EH: I'd like to ask you a question. Generally, could you discuss your opinion on the education of the Native Americans?

Segment Synopsis: LaBlanc speaks about his opinions on the current state of Native American education. He also touches the activism tactics of American Indians and what they should be, and he talks about the way upcoming bicentennial in 1976.

Keywords: American Indian Movement; Education; University of Minnesota

00:41:40 - Treatment of the Earth; Constitutional Laws; Personal Life and Opinions; Education

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Partial Transcript: TL: Oh, all life here has been wronged,

Segment Synopsis: LaBlac covers many subjects quickly in this section. He talks about American's treatment of the Earth, the application of our constitutional laws, personal opinions on some federal policy, and tells about his personal experiences in the Vietnam War and with education as an Indian.

Keywords: American Indian Movement; Boarding School; Sioux Nation; The Constitution

00:53:06 - Trail of Broken Treaties; Federal Government Involvement

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Partial Transcript: EH: On the Trail of Broken Treaties, maybe you could give a little bit of the history for some people who aren't familiar with it?

Segment Synopsis: La Blanc speaks about his experiences on the Trail of Broken Treaties and the eventual occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) building. At the end, he briefly talks about Indian policy in relation to Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon, two U.S. presidents.

Keywords: BIA; Bureau of Indian Affairs; Dennis Banks; Gerald Ford; Richard Nixon; Russell Means; Trail of Broken Treaties