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American Indian Oral History: Interview with Alex Lunderman

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00:00:01 - Introduction

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Partial Transcript: We're talking today with Mr. Alex Linderman,

00:00:09 - The Sioux Indian Center

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Partial Transcript: I'd like to ask you first of all, why was the center started and...

Segment Synopsis: Alex Lunderman talks about the Sioux Indian Center that he is the director of. He talks about the policies and some of the activities they have.

Keywords: Activity; Alcohol; BIA; Campaign for Human Development; Center; Ceremony; Donation; Drugs; Federal; Fund; Government; Indian; Marry; Ojibwe; Religion; Sioux; Sweat Lodge; Tribe; Unite

00:06:34 - Early Life

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Partial Transcript: Rosewood, that's where I'm from.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman talks about the different kinds of schools and the impact they had, or could have had, on him.

Keywords: BIA; Boarding School; College; Educate; Hair; Jesuit; Mission; Relocation; Reservation; Rosebud; Rosewood Boarding School; School; St. Francis Mission; Work

00:12:47 - Bilingual Schools

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Partial Transcript: Are there any specific things you're trying to do to recapture your heritage?

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman talks about the efforts to make bilingual schools where everyone is invited. He also talks about some of the things they do at the Center for others in need.

Keywords: Bilingual; Drum; Jim Polson; Language; Loan; Omaha Public School District; Prison; Program; Sioux; Survive

00:17:49 - Origin of Names

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Partial Transcript: I understand that the Sioux Indian Center has compiled many...

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads some of the legends that they compiled, specifically, about how some men earned their names.

Keywords: Amos Fast Horse; Crazy Horse; Fast Horse; Jake Harper; Kyle, South Dakota; Last Horse; Legend; Medicine Man; Ogalala; Robert Afraid of Bear; Sam Stands; Sioux; Story; Warrior; Wojapi

00:21:03 - Legend of the Seven Campfires

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Partial Transcript: This is The Legend of the Seven Campfires.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman tells the story of how the Sioux Nation came to be and lists off the different Chiefs and their bands.

Keywords: Big Man; Black Hills; Buffalo; Cheyenne River Band; Chief; Chief Horn; Crazy Horse; Fire; Glacier; Great Plains; Horse; Hunkpapas; Low Lodge; Oglala; Red Cloud; Rosewood Band; Sioux; Sioux Nation; Sitting Bull; Spotted Eagle; Spotted Tail; Standing Rock Band; Teton; Vision

00:25:16 - Legend of the Wolf Girl

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Partial Transcript: We get into the legends now...

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads the story of the Legend of the Wolf Girl. This is a story of a woman who is taken by another tribe. She runs away and becomes part of a wolf family.

Keywords: Bighorn Mountains; Black Hills; Dakota; Great Plains; Great Spirit; Maiden; Sioux; Warrior; Wolf

00:28:56 - Origin of the War Bonnet

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Partial Transcript: Continuation, the Origin of the War Bonnet.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads the story of how the War Bonnet came into being. He also explains how the Sioux Indians changed when they toured around with Buffalo Bill.

Keywords: Bighorn Mountains; Bonnet; Buffalo Bill; Buffalo Lodge; Buffalo Lodge Society; Canada; Chief's Lodge; Eagle; Elk Lodge Society; Ghost Keeper Society; Great Plains; Great Spirit; Horse; Legend; Sioux Nation; Suicide Lodge; Suicide Stake; War; Warrior; White Horse Lodge

00:33:36 - Legend of the Peace Pipe

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Partial Transcript: Here's The Legend of the Peace Pipe now.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads the Legend of the Peace Pipe and explains that on Sundays the center is having catechism classes that will combine these stories with religion.

Keywords: Great Spirit; Hunter; Lady; Mother Earth; Peace Pipe; White Buffalo

00:36:23 - Legend of the Sacred Black Hills

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Partial Transcript: Legend of the Sacred Black Hills. Centuries ago when the Sioux...

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads a story about a feared cave in the Black Hills

Keywords: Black Hills; Buffalo; Buffalo Lady; Great Spirit; Healing Water; Horse; Medicine Man; Mother Earth; Mother Nature; Paha Sapa; Sioux; Spring; White Man; Wind Cave

00:38:48 - Legend of the Falling Stars

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Partial Transcript: Legend of the Falling Stars. The Sioux Indians were camped...

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads a story about how the crow used to be white and how it was turned to black.

Keywords: Bird; Buffalo; Camp; Crow; Falling Star; Hunter; Marry; Platte River; Smoke; Star; Turnip; White Crow

00:42:25 - Two Legends of Bear Butte

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Partial Transcript: Alright, this is The Legend of Bear Butte.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads two legends centering around Bear Butte. One is about the death of a Medicine Man and the other is about the death of a Father who lost his warrior son.

Keywords: Bear Butte; Black Hills; Burial; Camp; Custard; Dewey Beard; Medicine Man; Northern Cheyenne; One Horn; Sacred Butte; Storm; Sturgis, South Dakota; Teton Sioux; The One Horn Butte; Warrior; Wounded Knee

00:45:24 - Legend of Iktomi

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Partial Transcript: This is a Legend of the Iktomi.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman tells the story of Iktomi whose foolish behavior got him in an unfortunate situation.

Keywords: Buzzard; Great Spirit; Spider

00:47:17 - Legend of the Crawling Ghost

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Partial Transcript: The Legend of the Crawling Ghost.

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman reads a ghost story.

Keywords: Camp; Crawling Ghost; Food; Smoke; Warrior

00:51:12 - Legend of the Sundance

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Partial Transcript: Alright, The Legend of the Sundance. The origin and early history of the sacred Sundance...

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman talks about the legend of the Sundance and explains the importance of the parts of the ceremony.

Keywords: Buffalo; Camp; Dance; Great Plains; Great Spirit; Horse; Man; Peace Pipe; Pierce; Pray; Sundance; Sweat Lodge; Warrior

00:54:06 - Wounded Knee

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Partial Transcript: But if anyone wanted to see the white man, or white society is over here...

Segment Synopsis: Lunderman talks a little about the uprising at Pine Ridge Reservation. He talks on the subject of communism and eliminating grandfather rights.

Keywords: 1868 Treaty; BIA; Ben Franklin; Bicentennial; Communism; Congress; Courtroom; Dick Wilson; Federation of State; Government; Grandfather Rights; Killing; Pine Ridge Reservation; Russell Means; Sioux Nation; Trial; Wounded Knee